Liver Cancer its Causes Symptoms & Treatment - MedicalnHealth


In this article, we will tell about Liver Cancer its Causes | Symptoms & Treatment. Liver cancer is a type of cancer that can appear anywhere in the liver. On the top right side of your abdomen, the liver is a sizable organ. It gets rid of toxins and aids in digestion. Sometimes, primary liver cancer can develop before spreading to other organs (secondary).

Multiple cancers can arise in the liver. The most common type of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, arises from the primary liver cell type (hepatocyte). Two much less common types of liver cancer are hepatoblastoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.


Hepatocellular carcinoma

The most typical form of primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). People with chronic liver diseases, such as cirrhosis brought on by hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, are most likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma.

Risk factors

People with chronic liver conditions are more likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma, the most common type of liver cancer.

People who consume a lot of alcohol and have liver fat buildup are more likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma.

How does liver cancer affect my body?

The largest organ in your body, the liver aids in food digestion. No one can survive without a liver, making it one of the most vital organs. Your liver performs a number of crucial tasks, including:

  • absorbs nutrients from your intestines and processes and stores them.
  • transforms some nutrients into the energy or materials your body needs to create new tissue.
  • produces bile, a liquid that aids in fat digestion.
  • digests and stores additional food ingredients, such as sugar, to produce energy.
  • produces substances that aid in blood clotting.


Early primary liver cancer symptoms are typically absent in most patients. symptoms and signs may be present:

  • losing lbs without trying
  • reduced appetite
  • the upper abdomen
  • nausea and diarrhoea
  • general lassitude and exhaustion
  • stomach bloating
  • Chalky white stools


When liver cells feel DNA changes (mutations), liver cancer results. Every chemical reaction in your body has a set of instructions contained in each cell’s DNA.

These instructions change as a result of DNA mutations. One outcome is that cells may start to proliferate out of control and subsequently form a tumour, which is a collection of cancerous cells.

It’s sometimes possible to pinpoint the cause of liver cancer, such as chronic hepatitis infections. However, it occasionally affects people who have no underlying illnesses, and its exact cause is unknown.

Risk factors

There are several causes of primary liver cancer, including:

  • HBV or HCV infection that is ongoing. If you’ve had hepatitis B or C for a prolonged period of time, your risk of getting liver cancer increases (HBV or HCV).
  • Cirrhosis. As a result of this progressive and irreversible condition, scar tissue begins to form in your liver, increasing your risk of developing liver cancer.
  • particular inherited liver disorders. Two conditions of the liver that can increase the risk of developing liver cancer are hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease.
  • Diabetes. People with this blood sugar condition are more likely to develop liver cancer than those without it.
  • the liver without alcohol is fatty when there is an overabundance of fat in the liver, the risk of liver cancer increases.
  • being exposed to aflatoxins Aflatoxins are poisons that are created by mould on crops that have been improperly stored. Aflatoxin contamination of crops, including grains and nuts, can lead to aflatoxins appearing in foods made from these ingredients.
  • excessive alcoholic beverage intake. Over a long period of time, consuming more alcohol than is considered moderate can permanently harm your liver and raise your risk of developing liver cancer.


Reduce your risk of cirrhosis

Liver scarring, or cirrhosis, increases the risk of developing liver cancer. Your risk of developing cirrhosis can be decreased if you:

If you do consume alcohol, do so in moderation. If you choose to drink, limit how much you have. For women, this means no more than one drink per day. For men, this translates to no more than two drinks per day.

keep a healthy weight. If your weight is healthy right now, make an effort to keep it that way by eating well and working out most days of the week.

Reduce the number of calories you consume each day and up your exercise if you need to lose weight. Aim for a 1 to 2-pound (0.5 to 1 kilogramme) weekly weight loss. Liver Cancer its Causes | Symptoms & Treatment written in this article.


The primary liver cancer treatments you receive depend on your age, general health, personal preferences, and the severity (stage) of the disease.


  • tumour removal through surgery. If your tumour is small and your liver function is good, your doctor may in some cases advise an operation to remove the liver cancer and a small portion of healthy liver tissue that surrounds it.

Whether this is an option for you also depends on where in the liver your cancer is located, how well your liver works, and how healthy you are in general.

  • surgery for a liver transplant. Your sick liver is removed during a liver transplant procedure, and it is then replaced with a healthy liver from a donor. Only a small percentage of people with early-stage liver cancer have the option of undergoing liver transplant surgery.

Localized treatments

A liver cancer treatment that is administered locally is one that targets the cancer cells themselves or their immediate surroundings. Options for localised liver cancer treatment include:

  • warming up cancerous cells. Electric current is used in radiofrequency ablation to heat and kill cancer cells. The doctor makes a few tiny incisions in your abdomen and inserts one or more thin needles using an imaging test, like an ultrasound, as a guide.

When the needles get close to the tumour, an electric current heats them up, killing the cancer cells. Lasers or microwaves may be used in additional procedures to heat the cancer cells.

  • chemotherapy drugs are injected into the liver. Chemoembolization is a form of chemotherapy in which potent anti-cancer medications are administered directly to the liver.
  • injecting radioactive beads into the liver. The liver can be implanted with tiny radiation-containing spheres that can deliver radiation directly to the tumour.


Multiple cancers can arise in the liver. The most common type of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, arises from the primary liver cell type (hepatocyte). Two much less common types of liver cancer are hepatoblastoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

So this was all about Liver Cancer its Causes | Symptoms & Treatment. If you have any questions or queries regarding this topic .you can leave them in the comment section.


What is the main cause of liver cancer?

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus chronic (long-term) infection is the most prevalent risk factor for liver cancer worldwide (HCV). These infections cause liver cirrhosis, which makes liver cancer the most prevalent cancer in many parts of the world.

Can liver cancer be cured?

Advanced liver cancer may be very challenging to treat. Cancer might not be treatable. If so, the goal of your treatment will be to lessen cancer and its symptoms while also extending your life. The news that cancer cannot be cured can be tough to accept.

What is the main treatment for liver cancer?

For the liver tumour, treatment options could include embolization, ablation, or both (s). Other options might include radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, systemic chemotherapy, or chemotherapy administered via hepatic artery infusion.

Who is at high risk for liver cancer?

In comparison to heavy drinkers who do not have cirrhosis, they have a tenfold increased risk of developing liver cancer. According to studies, those who consume large amounts of alcohol and have HBV or HCV infection are also at an increased risk of developing liver cancer.

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